Southern Double Wattled Cassowary
SOUTHERN DOUBLE WATTLED CASSOWARY (casuarius casuarius)
Diet: FRUGIVOROUS predominantly fruit but also small animals, invertebrates
Lifespan: 60+ years Range/Habitat: New Guinea, northern Australia tropical forests
Conservation status: vulnerable
The Southern Double Wattled Cassowary is the third tallest bird in the world today. The Southern Double Wattled Cassowary is second heaviest bird that stands just under 6 feet and weighing 130 pounds. Southern Double Wattled Cassowary are considered the world’s most dangerous bird. This reputation derives from injuries inflicted by the elongated nail on the middle toe. In truth, only one human fatality can be confirmed. Southern Double Wattled Cassowary are shy solitary birds, which come together only during courtship. The male does all the incubation and rearing of the chicks. The distinctive casque on the head is believed to play a roll in acoustic communication in the dense rainforest, as these birds emit very low frequency calls on the edge of human hearing. Cassowaries swallow fruit whole and distribute seeds across the jungle floor via excrement. Habitat loss and population fragmentation are the main threats to the species survival.